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Fruit Tree Information

APPLE BLOOM TIME

(Note: Approximate dates are for Northern Willamette Valley, OR)

Gravenstein
Liberty
Lodi
McIntosh, Dbl Red
Red Gravenstein
Summer Red
Stark® Royal Gala®
Granny smith
Red Delicious
Akane
Braeburn
Cortland
Cox’s Orange Pippin
Chehalis
Discovery
Empire
Haralson
Jonagold
Wealthy
Melrose
Mutsu
Newtown Pippin
Yellow Delicious
Spartan
Spitzenburg
King
Northern Spy
Red Fuji

APPLE STORAGE RATING

Later ripening apples are usually the best keepers.

Braeburn
Liberty
Melrose
Mutsu
Newtown Pippin
Northern Spy
Red Fuji
Cortland
Haralson
Jonagold
King
McIntosh, Dbl Red
Spartan
Spitzenburg
Summer Red
Wealthy
Akane
Discovery

APPLE CIDER

Good cider is created from a mix of sweet, tart, aromatic and astringent apples and crabapples. Some cider makers will even add pear for a more complex flavor. Here is a short list from what we carry:

Cortland
Cox’s Orange
Dolgo Crab
Empire
Gravenstein
Haralson
Jonagold
King
Liberty
Newtown Pippin

APPLE RIPENING TIME


Mid July
Mid Aug
Late Aug

Early Sept


Mid Sept

Late Sept





Early Oct



Mid Oct

Late Oct



November


Lodi
Discovery
Royal Gala®
Summer Red
Akane
Gravenstein
Red Gravenstein
Liberty
McIntosh, Red
Chehalis
Cox’s Orange
Empire
Red Delicious
Yellow Delicious
Wealthy
Haralson
Jonagold
King
Spartan
Cortland
Northern Spy
Melrose
Mutsu
Red Fuji
Spitzenburg
Braeburn
Granny Smith
Newtown Pippin

CHERRY RIPENING TIME


Late June

Early July




Mid July


Late July
Stella
Bada
Bing
Rainier
Royal Ann
Van
North Star
Lapins
Sam
Sweetheart
Montmorency

ASIAN PEAR RIPENING TIME


Early Aug

Late Aug
Mid Sept

Mid Oct
Oct/Nov
Yakumo
Hosui
Shinseiki
Nijiseiki
Chojuro
Shinko
Korean Giant

DOMESTIC PEAR RIPENING TIME


Late Aug
Early Sept
Mid Sept
Late Sept

Early Oct

Red Clapp’s
Bartlett
Moonglow
Anjou
Bosc
Highland
Comice

PLUM RIPENING TIME


Early July
Mid July
Late July

Mid Aug



Early Sept


Mid Sept


Late Sept
Methley
Peach Plum
Green Gage
Beauty
Shiro
Santa Rosa
Toka
Satsuma
French Petite
Seneca
Stanley
Brooks
Yellow Egg
Italian
Elephant Heart

Gardening with Deer

Deer will eat where they want, what they want, when they want, especially if it was an expensive plant. And I have never seen a deer reading any of our “deer-resistance” lists. So we will have to use other techniques, suggestions, and solutions to direct the deer away from your special gardens. You must determine how much deer damage you can live with.

New, spring growth is very tasty and nutritious. A gardener can create this same tasty plant throughout the growing season by constantly fertilizing and supplying more then adequate watering. A plant that is allowed to stress a bit will not be so tasty to our four-legged guests.

Caution must be taken with all deer resistant plant lists, especially those from other areas. As the environment is forever changing, deer are always adjusting to the availability of their food sources during the year.

Like all wildlife, deer are a wary creature and will avoid areas where they feel threatened or insecure. Sudden noises, barking dogs, dark corners, are unsettling.

Techniques, Suggestions, and Solutions

Below are possibilities to aid in the controlling of deer damage. Some will work and others might not. Everything depends on the education level of your particular deer herd.

Plants

Aromatic and strong flavored foliage has been shown to have some deterrence effect.

Certain leaf textures seem to deter nibbling deer. Try fuzzy, rough, or tough leaves.

Plant your delicious plants amongst deer resistant plants for added protection.

Plant deer favorite food away from your choice plants as a “deer trap”. They will eat their fill out of site and not bother to come in closer. At least that is the hope.

Fences, Hedges, and Plantings

Deer will not jump where they can not see to land. Deer shy away from dense plantings, tall/thick masses, and firm or thorny branches. Dense plantings of shrubs will make it difficult for them to see where they can place a foot safely. Mixed plantings of trees and shrubs will spread (minimize) any nibbling around so as to protect individual plants.

Building an arbor system on top of your fence will also deter jumping. A wide trellis overhanging into the yard covered with vines will be too wide for them to jump over.

Barriers and Screens

A highly prized plant can be fenced separately.

Trunks of trees can be wrapped in fencing to deter deer from rubbing the bark off.

Build an 8-10’ tall wire deer fence.

Build an 8-10’ tall open fence with an artistic eye. Deer can not jump through an 8” opening such as cable between posts.

Motion sensor hooked up to a sprinkler.

Sometimes intermittent noise will “scare” deer.

Recipes

Repellent-if not too hungry-1 egg, 8 ½ shells of water, cayenne pepper or Tabasco, blend, then spray, reapply after rains.

Tricks

Hang CD’s on branches. Light will flash off of the shiny sides as it swings and twirls in the breeze.

Stretch clear fishing line across open spaces to “spook” the deer as they walk into something they can not see.

Family dogs help, especially when out at night when the deer activities is higher.

Remember: Deer are smart and will learn from their experiences. Rotate or move mechanical devices sporadically so they will not get use to a certain location or pattern. Do the same with repellents. Rotate through different products, solutions, or home remedies, as deer can become used to something.

Lists of Tree Qualities

Tolerates Denser Shade

Acer circinatum
Acer campestre
Amelanchier x grand. ‘Autumn Brilliance’
Cornus kousa chinensis
Cornus racemosa

Nonallergenic Plants

Celtis
Cercis occidentalis
Cornus
Ginko biloba
Liriodendron tulipifera
Pyrus

Allergenic Plants

Acer
Almond
Alnus
Betula
Fraxinus
Juglans
Liquidamber
Morus
Platanus
Populus
Quercus
Salix
Syringa vulgaris

Northwest Natives

Alnus rubra
Acer macrophyllum
Acer circinatum
Betula papyrifera
Fraxinus latifolia
Populus tremuloides
Quercus garryanna

Hedges and Windbreaks

Acer campestre
Acer. campestre ‘Evelyn’
Acer ginnala
Acer ginnala ‘Flame’
Acer. tataricum
Carpinus betulus ‘Fastigiata’
Cornus racemosa
Crataegus crus-galli ‘Imeris’
Malus, most
Populus
Prunus x cistena
Salix ‘Golden Curls’

Weeping Habit

Betula pendula ‘Dalecarlica’
Betula pendula ‘Youngii’
Malus ‘Red Jade”
Morus alba pendula
Prunus subhirtella ‘Yae-Shidare-Higan’
Prunus x ‘Snofozam’
Salix alba ‘Tristis’
Salix babylonica